Greece is one of the oldest wine-producing countries in the world and among the first wine producing territories in Europe . The earliest evidence of Greek wine has been dated back to 6.500 years ago where wine was produced on a household or communal basis.
In ancient times, as trade in wine became extensive , it was transported from end to end of the Mediterranean , Greek wine had especially high prestige in Italy under the Roman Empire.
In the medieval period , wines exported from Crete, Monemvasia and other Greek ports fetched high prices in northern Europe. The ancient Greeks introduced vines such as Vitis vinifera and made wine in their numerous colonies in Italy, Sicily, southern France and Spain.
In 1937 , a wine institute was established by the Ministery of Agriculture . Greeks first Cabernet Sauvignon was planted in 1963. In 2019 , Creece produced 2 million hectolitre of wine.
The main wine growing regions in Greece are : Aegean Islands, Crete, Espirus, Ionian Islands, Macedonia, Cental Greece, Peloponnese and Thessaly.
Red wine grape varieties are : Agiorgitiko, Kotsifali, Limnio, Mandilaria, Mavrodaphne, Mavroudi, Negoska, Romeiko, Vertzami and Xinomavro.
White wine varieties are : Assyrtiko, Athiri, Debina, Lagorthi, Malagousia, Moschefilero, Robola, Roditis and Savatiano.