Canadian wine has been produced for over 200 years. Early settlers tried to cultivate Vitis Vinfera grapes from Europe with limited success.
During the 1990s, Canadian vintners continued to demonstrate that fine grape varieties in cooler growing conditions could potentially posses complex flavours, delicate yet persistent aromas, tightly focused structure and longer ageing potential than their counterparts in warmer, growing regions of the world.
Most important growing regions are in the southern Ontario (Niagara Peninsula, Essex County with Pelee Island and Prince Edward County), and in British Columbia (Okanagan Valley and Fraser Valley).
Smaller wine regions are southern Quebec and Nova Scotia.
Important Varieties Vidal, Chardonnay, Riesling, Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Noir.
Canada is also the world largest producer of Icewine, and some of the wineries won top Awards in the world.