During the Spanish colonization of the Americans, Vine cuttings were brought to Santiago Del Estero in 1557, and the cultivation of the grape and wine production stretched first to neighboring regions, and later to other parts of the country.

Today Argentina is the 6th largest wine producer in the world as with some aspects of their cuisine, has its roots in Spain.

The most important wine region is Mendoza, produced over 60% of the wine.

Other regions are San Juan, La Rioja, Salta, Catamarca, Rio Negro and Patagonia.

Most important varieties are Malbec, Bonarda, Tempranillo, Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon.